Sir Roger Scruton on the Ring

More Analysis of the Final Ring Motif


Roger Scruton’s most recent book, The Ring of Truth, is densely packed with insight.  His discussion, very early into the book, of the influences of J.G. Fichte in the moral and philosophical world in which Siegfried struggles for “freedom and individuality” were entirely new to me and very much valued.

Among the many helpful analyses in this volume is a suggestion about the import of the final D-flat motif in the Ring – the one accompanying Brünnhilde’s self-immolation heard first from Sieglinde in Walküre Act III and afterwards never again until the end.

This theme was labeled “Redemption Through Love” during the first 100 years after the work’s premiere.  Since then it has been the subject of much speculation, and this Blog has reflected questions concerning its relevance to concepts of the persistence of life, or the promise of children, among other interpretations.

Scruton suggests that sacrifice is the essence of the Ring and of this musical theme.  The theme is heard upon Sieglinde’s decision to sacrifice her life so that her child may live, and Brünnhilde’s decision to sacrifice her own life that Siegfried’s love may be vindicated.  And Scruton is specific:

Wagner is not trying to persuade us that sacrifice is the meaning of life.  Rather, as in the Greek tragedy, he is showing through represented acts of sacrifice that life has another meaning than the pursuit of status and power, and that it is our ability to accept death that makes this meaning real to us.  He is showing, through the sacrificial moment, that there are things in all our lives that are sacred, and which vindicate what we are.

To Scruton, Wagner posits human love as a symbol of “the ability of human beings to discount their own interests.”

I also found Scruton’s treatment of Siegfried – a character I and many others find intrinsically distasteful rather than heroic – to be brilliant and even uplifting.

In the end we just have to accept that Siegfried is what he appears to be: not the new man or the artist-hero; not the forger of a freer world or the fitting deposer of a supernatural god; but someone who never quite grows up, an adopted child who is unable to form secure attachments, and who exists fully as a person only by moments, when the armour of his belligerence falls away.  [He serves as] a symbol of the individual’s search for self-knowledge and self-identity in a godless world.

Siegfried is, thus, most effective and recognizable to us when, during the forest murmurs, or when trying to understand his parentage, or riven by erotic excitement as well as a deep yearning to be made whole through attachment to another, we see ourselves — not our heroism, but our imperfect strivings.

This is a challenging book – I took it up and put it down over a period of 18 months, I blush to admit.  But throughout that time it gave me nothing but pleasure.

Image result for ring of truth scruton

1 Comment

  • Dear Peter P:

    I’m Paul Heise, whose online allegorical interpretation of Wagner’s “Ring” at Scruton cites several times in his book. If you haven’t already done so, you might find it interesting to read his introduction to my website, the link to which you can find on the homepage on the upper left corner. You also might find it interesting to read what he said about my online “Ring” interpretation in his article “The Ring of Truth” which was published in “American Spectator” in 2011, the same year that, with his financial aid and sponsorship, I was able to post my lifelong research project on RW’s “Ring” at To sum up, he stated in his Intro to my website, and in his article, both published in 2011, that he regarded my “Ring” interpretation as one of the most important instances of Wagner scholarship that we have, and that he had long struggled to grasp the meaning of RW’s “Ring” until he read my “Ring” interpretation.

    I’m sure you noticed that he critiqued my allegorical approach to the “Ring” in his own “Ring” study (published by Penguin/Allen Lane in 2016). However, I never had the opportunity to challenge his critique in print. At his suggestion I have since that time completed my final revision of my online “Ring” study from 2011 (it’s been shortened by about 150 pages and includes corrections of mistakes and 16 more musical motifs in the motif guide (which, however, eliminated about 3-4 motifs previously included), and am now trying to find a publisher who will publish it in hardcopy.


    Your friend from,

    Paul Brian Heise

By PeterP

The Wagner Blog

The Wagner Blog is a forum for discussion of contemporary themes arising from the works of Richard Wagner. Discussions relating to Wagner’s musical, literary, theatrical, philosophical, political and theoretic work are all appropriate for this forum.

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